Gum disease is an inflammation of the gum tissue that can range from mild (gingivitis) to severe (periodontitis). Gingivitis is the early stage of the disease, it is easily treatable and usually reversible. At this stage, the gums tend to turn red, become swollen, and bleed easily, but there is usually little to no pain. With stepped-up oral hygiene and routine dental cleanings, gingivitis can be managed.
With advanced gum disease, the bone and fibers which hold your teeth in place are permanently damaged. Gum pockets (or spaces) form underneath the gum line which allows harmful plaque to spread. This can cause teeth to loosen and need removing. Professional periodontal therapy and improved personal oral hygiene are used to keep further damage to the gum tissue and supporting tissue and bone.
If you have the following symptoms, you may have gum disease:
–Chronic bad breath
–Gums that are red or swollen
–Gums that are tender to the touch and bleed easily
–Pain when you chew
–You have loose teeth
–You have sensitive teeth
–Your gums are receding
If you find yourself with any of these symptoms, see your dentist right away. We will review your medical history to see if there are any underlying conditions or risk factors (smoking, poor diet, genetics, medications, etc.) that might be contributing to gum disease. We will evaluate your gums to find signs of inflammation, and measure any pocket formation in your gums.
To schedule an appointment with our dentist, Drs. Stephanie S. Karlin & Justin S. Petracek, please call Dakota Ridge Dental in Littleton, Colorado, at 303.933.2420 today.